Manual Cyclic Development of Sedimentary Basins (Developments in Sedimentology)

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Geophysical methods, stratigraphy and dating methods, sea level changes, climate changes, geomorphic evolution in Europe, periglacial areas, widespread Quaternary deposits in Hungary. The role of the most important microfossils in the stratigraphy, paleoecology, paleobiogeography.

It is based on the their most important taxonomical, systematical, stratigraphical and ecological features. The presented microfossil groups are the followings:. The practical workflow for applied micropalaeontology including sample acquisition, preparation and analysis, and interpretation and integration. The following microfossils are studied as isolated specimens and in thin sections or slides:.

Connections between basin analysis and petroleum systems are discussed as: HC migration and entrapment in sedimentary basins; exploration applications of basin modeling; and economic potential of sedimentary basins: hydrocarbons,.

1st Edition

The aim is to develop ability to interpret sedimentary structures, facies and depositional environments based on observations of rocks and literature research. Sedimentary structures of unidirectional and oscillatory currents, gravity mass movements. Basics of palaeoichnology. Facies models of alluvial systems, wave and tide-dominated shorelines, deltas, deep-water systems.

Acquisition, documentation and evaluation of field and core data. Principles of sequence stratigraphy and its application in practice is demonstrated with several case studies Roots and development of Sequence Stratigraphy, its role in earth sciences. Sedimentary cycles, their manifestation, duration and controlling factors. Resolution of the applied methods. Reference levels, accommodation, deposition. Parasequences, parasequence sets. Controls and significance of pro-, retro- and aggradation, transgression, regression, forced regression.

Correlation by means of lithostratigraphy vs.

Stratigraphic surfaces. Systems tracts: highstand, falling-stage, lowstand, transgressive. Definitions, stacking patterns, economic potential, appearance on well logs and seismic images. Variations of the model: along strike, on the continents.

Sedimentary facies

The aim of the course is to introduce students to interpretation softwares widely used in the industry as IHS Kingdom, OpendTect etc. Sedimentary cycles, uncomformities and structural elements in industry type seismic sections and well logs. Database building: importing seismics, maps, horizons, faults, well data, etc. Data integration: mistie, synthetic seismogram. Well log management, correlation. Practice of horizon and fault interpretation, advanced functions, 3D visualization techniques, contour maps. Time-depth conversion. Introduction to OpendTect. Horizon import from IHS Kingdom.

Attributes, attribute maps from 3D seismics. Coherence, spectral decomposition, energy, etc. Units in geochemical data: from weight percent to molar units and recalculations from one to another. Processing mineral chemical data. Introduction to geothermobarometry calculations. Using major elements in geochemistry: classification techniques, CIPW calculation. Using trace elements in geochemistry: constructing multielement trace element diagrams and the interpretation of normalized trace element patterns.

Petrogenetic modeling calculations based on the trace elements. Using radiogenic isotope in geochemistry: age determination based on isochron method and the U-Pb Concordia technique. Calculation of initial isotope ratios and the epsilon values. Radiogenic isotopes in petrogenetic calculations: mixing models. The objective of the course is that students become familiar with the Pannonian Basin and tectonic environment of structural development. Described herein are kinematic and dynamic models of the basin evolution, the history of science aspects fully into account.

Physical state and the major phases of the deformation history of the Pannonian region. Basics of seismics theory, aquisition, processing, pitfalls in interpretation. Types of unconformities, reflection terminations, seismic facies. Basic deformational elements on seismic. Different type of basin settings: extensional, compressional, transform areas.

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Introduction to IHS Kingdom software. The outlines of software. Data management. Identification, interpretation, assignment of seismic horizons, faults. Generation, visualization of horizons and faults in map view. Well-log visualization. The Applied Hydrogeology introduces students into transientphenomena of groundwaterfluctuations, barometric and tidalefficiency.

The course encompasses knowledge on geohydrology and geophysicalmethods of groundwaterresearch. The course prepare sstudents for fieldwork in hydrogeology. The course provides basic knowledge of source rocks and oil and gas geochemistry, basics of major analytical methods and methods for the interpretation of laboratory data.

The microscopic methods and Rock Eval pyrolysis is introduced. The correlation of biomarkers and source rocks using isotope ratios is discussed. The development of thermal and bacterial degradation of the CH-plants are discussed on the basis of composition, API degrees and the gas chromatographic fractions of saturated character.

SSP2 – Stratigraphy and Earth Systems History

We pay special attention to the oil and gas migration, the unconventional CH accumulation gas. The aim of the course is to acquaint the student with the principles, knowledge, methods, and techniques needed to investigate, understand, and exploit for utilitarian purposes the properties, controlling factors, and manifestations of regional groundwater flow in drainage basins of different orders of magnitude. The course offers a practice in hydrogeological mapping with the focus on surface manifestations of groundwater flow-systems.

The students are introduced to the hydrogeological fieldwork, data acquisition, processing and interpretation. Petroleum Hydrogeology PH is the science and practice of applying hydrogeological principles and techniques to petroleum exploration and basin analysis. The main objective is to understand the combined processes of migration, accumulation, and entrapment of hydrocarbons, and to learn the application of this understanding to exploration. The course includes the various aspects of the interaction between subsurface fluids water, oil, gas and their geologic environments, such as: the principles, processes, manifestations, controlling factors, as well as the techniques of investigation.

The presented topics are: subsurface fluid dynamics, hydraulics, chemistry, and distribution of subsurface fluids as determined by such controlling environmental factors as pressure, temperature,. Principles of radiogenic and stable isotopes. Brief geochemistry of significant environmental isotopes. The course provides a summary on various geochronological tools.

The students will learn the theoretical background of these methods, the methodology of the analyses and they gain knowledge on the current developments in high-resolution geochronological techniques. Applicability and limitations of the different methods with the help of case histories will be also shown. The course starts with a brief introduction to radiogenic isotope geochemistry, summarizing the main features of various isotope systems. It is followed by the experimental techniques used during analyses, from the separation methods, through the analytical measurements by different kinds of mass spectrometry to the data processing.

The lectures will consider the various decay systems applications, special. Basic geochemistry of the Earth and its spheres. The aim of the course is to introduce the students to the basic principles and importance of environmental geochemistry. The main goal of this course is to give an understanding on the magmatic response to extension of the continental lithosphere. The students will learn the reason of melt generation and its relationship with various parameters such as lithospheric thickness, stretching factor, mantle potential temperature and source lithology as well as the style of extension pure shear vs.

Interpretation of geochemical variation of magmas will be discussed in the context of basin evolution. Discussion on influence of mantle plumes will be also given. The course starts with a brief summary on the major and trace element geochemistry and isotope geochemistry of igneous rocks, particularly of various basalts. Discussion on the reason of melt generation: decompression melting, flux. The role of micromineralogy in geological investigations. Sample preparation methods. Recognition features of heavy minerals. Occurrence of heavy minerals in sedimentary rocks. Heavy minerals in source rocks.

Provenance of heavy minerals. Determination of heavy minerals in binocular microscope. Self supporting work on a given material. Crashing, sieving, separating and heavy mineral determination. Documentation and evaluation. Rocks, ceramics and metal finds in Archaeology. Basic archaeological and museological knowledge. Methods of analysis of the chipped, polished and ground stones. Most important raw materials for stone tools in the Pannonian Basin and its environs.

Most important methods of analysis on ceramics. Ores, metals and slags — mineralogical and geochemical characteristics. Metallurgy of the copper, bronze and iron. Modern analytical technology of the metals and slags. Overlook of the history of the use of metals as well as ancient finds in the Pannonian Basin and its environs. Each student of this course get one field sample collected in one of different field practice courses for geology MSc students.

In the beginning of the semester students have to put original geological question not answered yet by earlier researchers to be answered with available methods. During their job they have to work independently, but they get continuous personal management from lecturers. At the halftime and at the end of the semester students defend their work orally, and finally they hand in a research report.

The aim of the course to practise the in-depth analysis of igneous and metamorphic rocks under the polarizing microscope and the petrogenetic interpretation of observations. During the course the students will get acquainted with the most abundant igneous and metamorphic rocks and rock associations, their mineralogy, texture and common alterations.

Based on the observations they are required to establish both their primary name in petrographic nomenclature and later effects as far as possible.

Cyclic Development of Sedimentary Basins: Volume 57 | Buy Now | at Mighty Ape NZ

Volcanology — history and evolution of this scientific field; definitions and terminology in volcanology; from the source to the surface: the reason of melt generation; volcanoes and plate tectonics; triggering mechanism of volcanic eruptions; temporal evolution of volcanoes: active and repose time; effusive eruptions: lava types; explosive volcanism: magmatic, phreatomagmatic and phreatic eruptions; pyroclasts and pyroclastic rocks; deposition of pyroclastic deposits: pyroclastic fall, pyroclastic flow and pyroclastic surge; lithologic and genetic description of pyroclastic deposits and rocks; volcanic facies analysis; monogenetic and polygenetic volcanism; volcanoes and climate; volcanoes and society; eruption forecast; volcanoes of the Carpathian-Pannonian region.

Systematic mineralogy: most frequent minerals present in the natural environment species , their basic mineralogical properties. Field studies of major ore deposit types in the Pannonian basin. Mineralization of Paleozoic intrusives, Paleogene intrusives and subvolcanic bodies, and Neogene volcanics.

Plate tectonics vs. The most important Precambrian and Phanerozoic ore deposit types and examples of world-class deposits including the observation of related hand specimens. Definition of the basic terms related to the subject of the course. The method of macroscopic description of mineralised samples and drill core logging.

Topics are set in consultation with the students. Morphological characters of the most important Mesozoic foraminiferal groups. Methodology of the Mesozoic foraminifera study preparation, determination and documentation. The aim of the course is to analyze a representative case study enabling the students to carry out a combined interpretation of different data sets and information. Methods primarily used in the hydrocarbon exploration seismic reflection surveying, well logging. The acquired skills in seismic interpretation are used to solve the project work in teams.

From database building to geological evolutionary model and detailed structural, stratigraphic or sedimentological interpretation and basic petroleum geological assessment of the area. The thermohaline deep water circulation on presentday Earth, density driven circulation. The definition of deep and surface water according to different principles of science. We track the movement of watermasses along the great conveyor belt, with special emphasis on the Atlantic water masses.

The concept of deep water formation is established. Residence time is introduced. Surface water circulation — the force of the wind, Coriolis force and the Ekman spiral and case study in the Arabian Sea. The course provides practical training to develop professional English language skills in all four main areas reading, writing, listening and speaking , emphasizing both informal and formal modes of communicating geoscience, including technical writing and scientific presentations.

Reading skills: reading for meaning, how to read scientific papers, web browsing, use of vocabularies. Writing skills: how to write reports, formal letters, proposals, CV, abstracts, papers, dissertation; Issues of style, organization, writing drafts, editing; Exercises focus on vocabulary building, problem words, useful phrases, verb use, verb tenses, grammatical pitfalls.

The aim of the course is to introduce the students to the problematics of submarine vs. A series of lectures gives an overview of the characteristics of submarine vs subaerial and long-lasting vs ephemeral unconformities and their possible identification in the sedimentary record. Additional topics to be treated:. The course provides an introduction to speleology and subsurface karst geomorphology. The epigenic and hypogenic processes of cave formation are discussed. The main tectonic units of the craton. The Archean of the Superior and Slave Provinces. Early Proterozoic orogenic belts and the assembly of the North American craton.

Middle Proterozoic of the craton and the Grenville orogeny. Main tectonic elements and orogenic phases: the Early, Middle and Late Paleozoic evolution of the Appalachian orogen. The Atlantic rifting. Proterozoic and Paleozoic tectonic evolution of the North American Cordillera. Mesozoic evolution of the western US. The five morphogeologic belts of the Canadian Cordillera. The terrane concept. Pericratonic and intermontane terranes.

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The Coast Plutonic Complex. Insular and outer terranes. Please take this quick survey to tell us about what happens after you publish a paper. Geosciences Journal. December , Cite as. The meter-scale cycles most likely formed in shoreface and offshore transition zone where there was abrupt change between the depositional environments with siliciclastic-dominated sediment supply and carbonate-dominated sediment supply. The change most likely resulted from variations in clastic input and carbonate productivity during fourth- or fifth-order sea-level fluctuations accompanied with climatic changes.

The cycles can be stacked into four third-order transgressive-regressive sequences, showing a systematic change in cycle thickness, cycle type, and intracycle facies proportion within a sequence. Each sequence is characterized by an upward-thickening to-thinning trend in cycle thickness, an upward-fining to— coarsening trend in cycle type, and an upward increase to decrease in proportion of shale-dominated facies. The sequence can be divided into transgressive and highstand systems tracts.

The transgressive cycles are characterized by upward-thickening in thickness, upward-fining in cycle type, and higher and upward-increasing proportion of shale-dominated facies, whereas the regressive cycles are by upward-thinning, upward-coarsening, and lower and upward-decreasing proportion of shale-dominated facies. The systematic change in cycle thickness, cycle type, and facies proportion helps deduce the stacking patterns of the cycle units in the Dumugol Formation. The stacking pattern analysis suggests that the cycles are retrograded during rapid increase in accommodation and prograded during slow increase in accommodation.

During relative fall of sea level, the platform sediments were affected by intense submarine erosion and redistribution, forming submarine hiatus. Skip to main content. Advertisement Hide. Geosciences Journal December , Cite as. Sequence stratigraphy of the cyclic successions in the Dumugol Formation Lower Ordovician , mideast Korea. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Allen, J. Developments in Sedimentology 30, Elsevier Scientific Publishing company, p. Google Scholar.

Anderson, E. In: Merriam, D. Boreen, T. Journal of Sedimentary Research, B65, — Bowen, Z. Lethaia, 7, 93— CrossRef Google Scholar. Calvet, M. Sedimentary Geology, 57, — Carrera, M. Journal of Palcontology, 73, 26— Choi, D. Geosciences Journal, 2, — Geosciences Journal, 8, — Choi, Y. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea, 29, 15— Chough, S. Earth-Science Review, 52, — Cisne, J. Nature, , — Cloyd, K.

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Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 60, 73— Demicco, R. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 53, — Droser, M. Chapter 8 Russian Arctic shelf sedimentary basins. Chapter 11 Cyclicity in Paleoproterozoic to Neoproterozoic Cuddapah Supergroup and its significance in basinal evolution. Chapter 12 Cyclicity of the Mesozoic sedimentation on the eastern margin of the Chinese craton as a response to the main geodynamic events in the a UchurMaiskaya Basin and Vilyuiskaya Syneclise.

Chapter 14 Overview.